Which organelle converts the ch

Which organelle converts the chemical energy stored in your food into compounds? Golgi apparatus, ER, Chloroplast, or Vacuole? If you haven’t seen the organelles yet, here is an overview of their functions. They take in food and mail it to other parts of the cell, where the energy can be converted to compounds more conveniently utilized by the cell.

Mitochondria

The mitochondrial function is to transform the chemical energy contained in food into ATP. Oxidative phosphorylation produces three to five ATP molecules per molecule of glucose and requires the presence of two NADH coenzymes. This process yields 30 or 32 ATP molecules for each molecule of glucose, which is higher than the theoretical yield of 38. However, during the process of transferring pyruvate and phosphate from glycolysis to the mitochondria, some ATP molecules are lost.

Mitochondria are the powerhouses of the cell. They are responsible for the production of adenosine triphosphate, the main energy-carrying molecule in the cell. ATP represents the short-term stored energy of the cell. The mitochondrial process uses the chemical energy found in glucose and other nutrients to produce ATP. Carbon dioxide is produced as a waste product of cellular reactions.

ER

The endoplasmic reticulum is a component of the cell’s internal membrane, and it stores proteins and other materials that are exported from the cell. This organelle contains nearly all of a cell’s DNA. Some of the organelles in the ER include the chloroplast, which is surrounded by two membranes in plants and insects. The ER also contains ribosomes, which are small particles that carry RNA and proteins.

The chemical energy in food is stored in biochemical substances called carbohydrates and lipids. They are stored as potential energy, and are released by the body’s chemical digestion process. The process of ER converts this energy into compounds, including sugar, fats, carbohydrates, and proteins. The food’s chemical energy is stored in complex molecules that break down into their basic constituents, such as glucose.

Chloroplast

Photosynthesis is a process that transforms light into useful energy. In plants, the energy from sunlight is collected by chloroplast, a specialized organ that includes hundreds or even thousands of chlorophyll molecules. The chlorophyll molecules capture electrons from water. The electrons travel through the chloroplast to the photosystem I, where they reduce NADP+ to NADPH. ATP is then produced, a molecule that is nature’s energy carrier.

Photosynthesis uses light from the sun to power the cells. It consists of two parts: chloroplast and mitochondria. The chloroplast is a table-sized organelle that captures light energy and transforms it into chemical energy. The mitochondria of plants uses this energy to create ATP, which is the main source of energy for the cells. ATP is recognized and used throughout the cell.

Vacuole

A cell’s vacuole stores materials such as water, salts, proteins, sugars, and other substances. Large vacuoles help plants hold up their heavy parts and store water. Vacuoles are very similar to vesicles, which are similar to organelles inside the cell, but they serve different functions. They store materials and move them to the cell surface or between organelles.

The process of respiration in the cell involves releasing chemical energy from food into compounds that the cell uses for its metabolic activities. The process of respiration involves the release of some of the energy, while other portions are used for production of ATP. This process occurs when oxygen is present in the cell. This is called aerobic respiration. Once the glucose has been refined, it then passes into the cell’s vacuole, where it is used to make ATP.

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