There are some tips that will help you know when to fertilize food plots for a variety of species. Here, we’ll cover the most important nutrients for food plots – Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, and Organic matter. By following these tips, you can ensure your food plots’ health. But remember that you should use the proper amount of each nutrient to meet plant needs.


The best time to fertilize food plots with nitrogen is just before planting. This way, the soil has the proper pH and nutrient levels to grow a high quality stand of perennial crops. Fertilizer is also helpful in making new food plots more productive, and will provide food for many years. Some hunters even top-dress their plots with nitrogen to speed up the growth process. But which type of fertilizer is best for what type of food plot?

One way to determine whether a fertilizer is beneficial for a food plot is to consult a soil report. These reports will tell you about the secondary and micronutrients in the soil. While these nutrients are important to the growth of food plots, too much fertilizer may not be beneficial to plants. In addition to nitrogen, it is important to note that too much nitrogen can deplete the water’s oxygen levels and cause algae blooms. This can stress and kill fish.


When to fertilize food plots with phosphate depends on what crops are being grown. Depending on the crops, phosphorus fertilizer needs range from 0 to 70 pounds per acre, or more. Soybeans should receive at least 200 pounds of phosphorus per acre. Potassium fertilizers come in 0-0-60, which can also be applied to food plots.

To determine when to fertilize food plots with phosphorous, look at your soil report. Your plot will need extra amounts of phosphorus and potassium when they are deficient. However, if there are surplus crops, you don’t need to add phosphorous. You can use lime to increase fertilizer effectiveness and reduce soil acidity. This way, your food plot will have the best soil pH for producing the crops.


The three numbers on the side of a fertilizer bag are confusing and not always meaningful to food plot owners. To help you decide when to apply potassium to your food plots, you should check out a soil amendment chart. This will show how much potassium and phosphorus you need to fertilize your plot. A good rule of thumb is to apply potassium once every three years and phosphorus once every six months.

A typical clover food plot needs a shot of fertilizer when it is planted. Unlike nitrogen, P and K do not evaporate from the soil. In fact, they need an annual injection of fertilizer to survive and thrive. Clover only lasts about three years, so you should fertilize it every few years. You can also use a high P/K mixture to increase the growth rate of your food plots.

Organic matter

There are several factors to consider when deciding when to fertilize food plots with organic matter. First, you should evaluate the current soil. How much organic matter is in your soil? The more organic matter there is, the more productive your cropland will be. Organic matter is essential for a variety of reasons, including water holding capacity, nutrient value, and microbial activity. While it’s hard to say exactly how much organic matter a field needs, a good indicator is its current content.

Organic matter is a mix of decomposing plant and animal parts. It improves soil productivity and ease of tillage, increases moisture retention, and aids in infiltration. It acts like a sponge, holding and supplying nutrients to plants’ roots. Organic matter also improves soil temperature, which makes it a great food plot material. However, the amount of organic matter in your soil will depend on the management practices used.

Soil test

One of the best ways to get the right balance of fertilizer for your food plot is to test the soil first. Using a soil test is a free service that will help you build a food plot with the right nutrients. A soil test will tell you exactly how much P2O5 and K2O your plot needs. This step is essential because if you don’t know what the proper balance of P2O5 and K2O is, you may be wasting money.

Once you know your soil’s composition, you can purchase the appropriate amount of fertilizer. Soil tests can provide detailed recommendations on how much of each type of fertilizer you need to use and which ones you don’t. These recommendations are also useful for planning your fertilizer budget and determining which plants you should grow. For example, if you’re trying to grow a large crop, you should use a larger amount of phosphorous than you think you’ll need.

Liquid fertilizer

There are several reasons why you should use liquid fertilizer on your food plots. The plants are much more appealing to wildlife. A liquid fertilizer acts as a mineral lick, attracting wildlife to the food plot. Liquid fertilizer also offers a consistent application with equal amounts of nutrients in every drop. Plants can absorb more nutrients from the soil when the fertilizer is applied this way.

The best time to apply fertilizer to your food plots is just prior to planting. You want to make sure that the soil is the proper pH and nutrient levels. A good stand of perennials can make a food plot productive for many years to come. Some hunters choose to top-dress their plots with fertilizer before planting to increase the growth of plants. The amount of fertilizer you apply depends on the size of your plot.