What organelle stores food water and waste? Vacuoles are membrane-bound storage bubbles found primarily in plant cells. Vacuoles are responsible for the storage of food, water, amino acids, sugars, and organic acids. Some of these molecules are used by the cell for energy or to store toxic metabolic by-products. The end products of plant cell metabolism are also stored in these structures. This article will discuss their functions.


In plants, the Vacuole organelle plays an important role in molecular storage and degradation. Within a cell, different vacuoles may carry out different functions. One may be involved in storing nutrients, while the other is involved in removing waste products. Plant vacuoles also contain certain materials that humans need. These include rubber and garlic flavoring. The Vacuole organelle is a critical part of the plant’s overall metabolism.

The Vacuole organelle is membrane-bound and can store a variety of molecules. In addition to storing food and waste, it can also store water and nutrients. In plants, it is possible to store large amounts of lipids inside single cells. These lipids can be used by organisms in times of need, when they do not have access to other resources. Listed below are a few types of molecules that the Vacuole can store.

Endoplasmic reticulum

The Endoplasmic reticulum is a cellular organelle responsible for packaging and transporting materials inside the cell. It functions similarly to the circulatory system of the human body. Its functions include producing proteins and lipids and modifying and sorting them. It also synthesizes lipids and packages them for secretion and use in the cell. It contains many compartments and structures. Although most cells are transparent, stains are necessary to understand the function of these structures.

The ER is a membrane-bound organelle. The rough ER is responsible for processing proteins secreted from the cell. Liver cells secrete large amounts of proteins and enzymes. The smooth ER is responsible for the storage of calcium ions, which trigger coordinated muscle contractions. It is located in the cytoplasm of skeletal and smooth muscles. The Endoplasmic reticulum is an important organelle in animal cells and has several important functions.

Golgi complex

The Golgi complex, or organelle, is a membrane-bound structure that contains a stack of sacs known as vesicles. They receive secreted proteins from the RER and sort them into several categories. The organelle also contains a variety of enzymes, but only under an electron microscope can its precise functions be determined. During the secretion process, the membrane-bound vesicles fuse with one another.

The Golgi complex organelle processes carbohydrates and proteins. The cell’s membrane contains two faces: the receiving face and the releasing face. The receiving face is near the endoplasmic reticulum. Vesicles released from the ER are called transport vesicles. The transport vesicles deposit the contents of the cell into other parts. The secretory vesicles fuse with the plasma membrane and release the contents outside the cell.

Organelles can be overwhelming to describe and learn. In plant cells, the cell membrane is made of cellulose. The Golgi complex organelle stores food, water, and waste. It is made up of everything except the nucleus and is responsible for the breakdown of old by-products and organelles. The chloroplast uses light energy and carbon dioxide from the air to create a chemical called ATP. The cell membrane releases oxygen during the carbon chains.


Previously, the lysosome was considered the trash can of the cell, but now scientists have re-defined it as the control center for cellular metabolism, a set of chemical reactions that keep cells alive. A recent review of research on the lysosome, led by University of California, Berkeley cell biologist Roberto Zoncu, sheds new light on the organelle’s role in cellular metabolism.

The lysosome organelle is a small sac-like structure that stores food, water, and waste in cells. The membrane surrounding it limits access to enzymes. After letting the samples rest for a period of time, enzyme access was increased. The lysosomal acid phosphatase (LAP) is required to release phosphate groups from phospholipids. In addition, the AP2 enzyme is required for vesicle formation. In the top image, the Golgi Apparatus is visible.

Organelles in the cell can be analogous to cities. The mitochondria are the powerhouse of the cell and produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate), which translates food energy into energy. The lysosome is the digestive center of the cell, and enzymes found in it break down food particles, recycle worn out cell components, and store food, water, and waste. Organelles in the cell also store water, waste, and toxic materials.